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Reflective Fostering Programme

What is the Reflective Fostering Programme?

The Reflective Fostering Programme aims to help carers look after themselves and therefore be able to build strong, supportive relationships with the children in their care.

The Reflective Fostering Programme has been developed by specialists at the Anna Freud Centre and aims to support foster carers to provide the best possible care for the children they look after.

The Reflective Fostering Programme (RFP) is a new group-based programme to support foster carers of children aged 4–11. It was developed by the Anna Freud Centre and implemented in collaboration with NSPCC. The development of the RFP follows calls by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and other organisations to help improve outcomes for children in care – many of whom have experienced early maltreatment and trauma – by providing better support to their carers. 

The programme consists of 10 three-hour meetings offered to groups of 6–10 foster carers on a weekly or fortnightly basis. The RFP aims to provide foster carers with practical ways to help build and maintain supportive relationships with the children in their care. In line with best practice guidelines, the first stage of development has focused on piloting the programme, before moving on to a larger-scale evaluation. This involved training NSPCC staff to deliver the programme to four groups of foster carers in Sheffield and Gillingham. As this was the first time the RFP had been delivered it was important to try and understand what worked well about the programme and what could be improved. We wanted to find out whether foster carers would be willing to attend the programme and whether we could train NSPCC staff to deliver the programme. We also wanted to get some idea of whether it helped those foster carers who attended, including any impact on their relationship with the child in their care. This evaluation was carried out ChAPTRe. 


The RFP shows promise as an approach to supporting foster carers. 

The initial study suggested that: 

  • it is possible to train NSPCC staff to deliver the programme

  • foster carers were keen to attend and in most cases stayed with the programme until the end

  • the programme can have a positive impact on the carers’ levels of stress and help support or improve the carer-child relationship.

The study also identified some important ways in which the RFP could be improved, especially by reducing the amount of material that was covered in each meeting, giving more space for foster carers to share their own experiences, and reducing the amount of ‘technical’ language that was used in the programme. Once those changes have been made to the programme, further research will be needed, on a larger scale, to find out whether the RFP really can be an effective way to support children in care and their foster carers. 

Find out more about ChAPTRe